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Mar 15

India’s flag lands on Moon

India’s flag lands on Moon
Posted on Wednesday, March 15, 2017 in Uncategorized

Saturday, November 15, 2008

At 8:34 pm Indian time Friday night (1504 UTC), India became the fourth country to land its flag on the Moon.

The unmanned lunar orbiter Chandrayaan-1 ejected its Moon Impact Probe (MIP), which hurtled across the surface of the Moon at 1.5 kilometres per second (3000 miles per hour), and successfully crash landed near the Moon’s south pole. Besides carrying three important scientific instruments, the lunar probe also carried the image of the Indian national flag, painted on all sides.

Chandrayaan-1 (meaning ‘Moon craft’ in Sanskrit) reached its target lunar orbit on Wednesday. The orbiter will remain in a circular orbit 102 kilometres above the Moon’s surface for two years. Its instruments will be gradually commissioned over the next few days.

With this landing, India became both the fourth country to place a flag on the Moon and the fifth group to send a spacecraft to the Moon. The other countries which have sent spacecraft to the Moon are the United States, the former Soviet Union, Japan, and China, along with the European Space Agency (ESA), a consortium of 17 countries. Japan and China currently each have scientific satellites orbiting the Moon, though China has not yet put a spacecraft on the moon’s surface.

The MIP has a mass of 29 kg, is about the size of a microwave oven, and was designed and assembled in India. After the orbiter ejected it, the probe took about 25 minutes to reach the Moon’s surface. On-board digital cameras made a high resolution movie of the surface during descent, and scientists also conducted measurements with the probe’s mass spectrometer and radar altimeter. Data was beamed back to India via the orbiter, and it is currently being processed and analysed.

Data from the altimeter experiments will be used to refine the instrument in order to control the soft landing of a future probe. Plans are already being prepared for the Chandrayaan-2 to be launched by 2012.

India’s first lunar mission was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre on the Andhra Pradesh coast on October 22. The launch vehicle was an Indian designed and built rocket that had been previously proven by carrying scientific and commercial payloads to earth orbit, including weather and communications satellites. The cost of this mission is estimated at 340 crore (3.4 billion) rupees (US$78 million). The mission carries five scientific instruments built by India’s technology sector, and six developed cooperatively with foreign nations.

Goals for the orbiter include making a detailed map of the Moon’s chemical make-up and mineral resources, as well as a three-dimensional digital map of the entire surface. The mission will examine the surface for sources of water, and take comparison photos of the light side and dark sides of the surface.

Feb 17

Select The Best Orthodontics In Rochester For Beautiful Smile}

Posted on Friday, February 17, 2017 in Dentist

Select the best Orthodontics in Rochester for beautiful smile



You have just had your regular visit with your dental professional and you’ve been told that either you or your kid needs teeth Rochester orthodontics. Prepare yourself. While the cost of the Rochester orthodontics can be frustrating and these devices help to straighten up the teeth so that you not only have a more consistent grin, but your teeth and eating are improved considerably. Braces may be architectural or aesthetic, and may be used together with other procedures, but ultimately, the goal is to enhance your dental cleanliness and overall health by solving the under bites, overbites, cross attacks, twisted teeth, malocclusions, and various other problems with the teeth an oral cavity.

History of Northville Braces

Somewhat amazingly, many of the students and the researchers date teeth orthodontics to the ancient times centuries ago. As beginning as 400 BC may have used basic brace components to straighten up the teeth and appropriate oral conditions. Yet, as an area, orthodontics didn’t really start to take shape until the late Seventeenth century, when the concept of tooth-pulling was a typical practice for improving the teeth positioning. By the beginning to the mid Nineteenth century, the leaders in orthodontics began using the cables and elastics to very progressively enhance and also straighten up the teeth. As you can clearly see, there is a long record which is primarily associated with the area of orthodontics, and specifically the development of oral teeth orthodontics is very rapid and glorious.

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How do Braces Work?

Simply put, the Rochester orthodontics performs by progressively squeezing tightly in order to shift the teeth in the jaw slowly over the course of time. Conventionally, they utilize the supports installed on each of the teeth, a posture cable that particularly joins each of these supports, and the elastics that allow the posture cable to put stress on the supports and teeth. The continuous stress teeth orthodontics put on teeth allows them to shift over time into their appropriate position and help them straighten as well very correctly. While in the beginning of the science of orthodontics, there were few options for the teeth orthodontics, today there are a variety of the types and there are the result of developments in the oral technology.

Types of Northville Braces

The most typical kinds are traditional metal-wired teeth orthodontics, obvious teeth orthodontics, gold-plated stainless-steel teeth orthodontics, lingual teeth orthodontics, and titanium teeth orthodontics.

Traditional Braces are usually stainless-steel and may be combined with other materials. These are the most typical and least expensive kinds and may require the connections to hold the arch-wire in place. More recent self-ligating supports do away with the connections and are becoming more well-known as they reduce the rubbing between the segment and the cable.

Clear Braces are a well-known aesthetic alternative to the standard metal one. Designed to the combination naturally with the colour of your teeth, the teeth orthodontics use the supports created of clay or plastic but function in a very similar manner as metal one.

Apart from the above two mentioned categories, there are indeed various other kinds of the Northville braces which have been introduced over the course of time.

Mark Smile is the author of this Article: To know more about Northville Braces and Rochester Orthodontics please visit myamazingsmile.comArticle Source:


Feb 17

Bones of ‘small-bodied humans’ found in Micronesian cave

Bones of ‘small-bodied humans’ found in Micronesian cave
Posted on Friday, February 17, 2017 in Uncategorized

Friday, March 21, 2008

Another population of small humans has been reported, this time in caves in Micronesia.

Lee Berger, Steven Churchill, Bonita De Klerk and Rhonda Quinn, a team of paleontologists and anthropologists from South Africa and the United States document a group of “small-bodied humans” found in the ” in limestone caves in the rock islands of Palau, Micronesia.” The report, in a recent edition of the open access journal, PLoS ONE (2008 3:3) argues that these small people may “represent a congenitally abnormal individual drawn from a small-bodied island population of Homo Sapiens.” The term for this condition is Insular Dwarfism described in Foster’s Rule. Different radio carbon samples at the site date between 3000 and 4500 calendar years before the present, with the 3000 year old dates being judged the most reliable.

The authors argue, “Based on the evidence from Palau, we [Berger et al] hypothesize that reduction in the size of the face and chin, large dental size and other features noted here may in some cases be correlates of extreme body size reduction in H. sapiens.”

Unlike the 2004 find of the Flores dwarf human population (dated from 95,000 to 13,000 years ago), known as Homo floresienses and nicknamed hobbits, researchers do not consider this population to be a separate hominid population. They also suggest that this more recent population casts some doubt on H. floresienses being a separate species, and that,

“These features when seen in Flores may be best explained as correlates of small body size in an island adaptation, regardless of taxonomic affinity…[This] Palauan sample supports at least the possibility that the Flores hominins are simply an island adapted population of H. sapiens, perhaps with some individuals expressing congenital abnormalities.”

In support of this, Berger et al also argued that although the dwarf humans appeared to have many features in commons with Homo sapiens, there seems to be many features that are not usually associated with Homo sapiens.

Feb 17


Posted on Friday, February 17, 2017 in Uncategorized
Feb 17

Ontario Votes 2007: Interview with Green candidate Marion Schaffer, Oakville

Ontario Votes 2007: Interview with Green candidate Marion Schaffer, Oakville
Posted on Friday, February 17, 2017 in Uncategorized

Monday, September 24, 2007

Marion Schaffer is running for the Green Party of Ontario in the Ontario provincial election, in the Oakville riding. Wikinews’ Nick Moreau interviewed her regarding her values, her experience, and her campaign.

Stay tuned for further interviews; every candidate from every party is eligible, and will be contacted. Expect interviews from Liberals, Progressive Conservatives, New Democratic Party members, Ontario Greens, as well as members from the Family Coalition, Freedom, Communist, Libertarian, and Confederation of Regions parties, as well as independents.

Dec 22

How To Make A Guest Feel At Home In A Guest Room

Posted on Thursday, December 22, 2016 in Fashion

By Hunter Pyle

If you’ve finally saved enough to buy a home with a guest room, you might be wondering how to decorate it. There are a number of ways to make your guest feel at home even when they’re not. Many of the hotels and motels have been doing this sort of thing for years, and you can take some cues from them. Simply understand what the needs of your guest might be and be sure to keep those items handy so that they feel welcomed in your home.

The Bedroom

Most guest rooms should come with a television set and phone to make them appealing for long-term guests. If you aren’t expecting long-term guests, then a comfortable bed with plenty of pillows is still a must. For winter, make sure the room is sufficiently warm either by opening the vents or by having enough blankets on the bed. If they need more, you should show them where they are stored. For summer, there should be sufficient ventilation with fans or air conditioners to make sure they sleep well at night. The curtains or blinds in the room should be easy to close and allow enough light in when open to illuminate the space. Furniture can consist of an empty bureau, a bookcase, and a small workspace with a chair for writing, reading, or to use a laptop.

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The Separate Bathroom

If your guest room comes with a separate bathroom be sure to stock it with the necessary toiletries. Have shaving cream, soaps, shampoos, and all manner of hygienic products available. If you can get these in travel sizes, all the better. There should be mirror space in the bathroom to help your guest dress and present him or herself. The guest bathroom should have more than one set of towels and the guest should be shown where they could get more.

Additional Items

Some people like to put a small refrigerator in the guest space for the guest’s own drinks and snacks. This is a nice touch but is not necessary. Trash cans should be available in both the bedroom and bathroom. They should be emptied out every so often for the guest. Don’t forget to have empty hangers and shelves available in the closets for your guest. They will need to hang some of their items up. Within the closet offer an ironing board and iron too.

Making a room feel homey is also about decorating in a casual and contemporary style. If you make a room too elegant, your more casual guests might feel intimidated. If you make it too country, some of your guests might privately find it hokey. Since tastes differ amongst people, a guest room should be functional and conservative in style while adding a few contemporary pieces of artwork or furniture for interest. Keep the colors to the neutral palette, which most people find appealing and you will come off as a very gracious and caring host.

About the Author: Hunter Pyle wrote this article for the purpose of sharing some tips on decorating a guest room. If you are looking for more ideas I’d suggest checking out

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Dec 22

Pride in London 2013: in pictures

Pride in London 2013: in pictures
Posted on Thursday, December 22, 2016 in Uncategorized

Monday, July 1, 2013

Yesterday, thousands of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people, and their supporters and allies, paraded through central London and partied in the streets as part of Pride in London. With the Parliamentary debate around the Marriage (Same Sex Couples) Bill continuing, the organisers decided that the theme for this year’s parade was to be “Love and Marriage”, with a number of the parade participants dressing as brides or grooms.

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Some attendees took drag to extravagant levels.Image: Tom Morris.

Rainbow-coloured dresses worn by paraders as part of ‘Filipino LGBT UK’.Image: Tom Morris.

Two men both wearing hats with the word ‘Groom’ on the front.Image: Tom Morris.

Topless barmen and go-go boys.Image: Tom Morris.

Three men dressed as masked nuns to protest Vatican anti-gay attitudes.Image: Tom Morris.

Members of Imaan, an Islamic LGBT support group.Image: Tom Morris.

Members of LGBTory, a group for LGBT members of the Conservative Party.Image: Tom Morris.

Marchers from the Metropolitan Community Church, a gay-affirmative Christian group.Image: Tom Morris.

A group of gay and lesbian Jews with rainbow-themed Star of David flags.Image: Tom Morris.

An enthusiastic steward.Image: Tom Morris.

Supporters of Bradley Manning.Image: Tom Morris.

A man wearing a costume made primarily of inflated balloons.Image: Tom Morris.

Marchers from Stonewall with placards reading “Say I Do to equal marriage” and wearing t-shirts saying “Some people are gay. Get over it!”Image: Tom Morris.

A drag queen with an enormous red wig.Image: Tom Morris.

A man wearing a costume made up of party animal balloons.Image: Tom Morris.

A group of leather enthusiasts.Image: Tom Morris.

Gay squash players.Image: Tom Morris.

Members of a small Christian anti-gay protest in Lower Regent Street, before the parade started.Image: Tom Morris.

A man with bright red feathers and an ornate headpiece.Image: Tom Morris.

Two women sharing an affectionate cuddle at the end of the parade.Image: Tom Morris.

Dec 22

Wikinews interviews Joe Schriner, Independent U.S. presidential candidate

Wikinews interviews Joe Schriner, Independent U.S. presidential candidate
Posted on Thursday, December 22, 2016 in Uncategorized

Saturday, April 17, 2010

Journalist, counselor, painter, and US 2012 Presidential candidate Joe Schriner of Cleveland, Ohio took some time to discuss his campaign with Wikinews in an interview.

Schriner previously ran for president in 2000, 2004, and 2008, but failed to gain much traction in the races. He announced his candidacy for the 2012 race immediately following the 2008 election. Schriner refers to himself as the “Average Joe” candidate, and advocates a pro-life and pro-environmentalist platform. He has been the subject of numerous newspaper articles, and has published public policy papers exploring solutions to American issues.

Wikinews reporter William Saturn? talks with Schriner and discusses his campaign.

Dec 4

Tips For Permanent Weight Loss

Posted on Sunday, December 4, 2016 in Real Estate

Submitted by: Eric Hartwell

1. Exercise- Exercise is the one absolute that is required for permanent weight loss. An exercise program of five 30-minute sessions per week should be employed into your schedule. This can also be achieved by exercising for 10 minutes, three times a day. This strategy is good for people with busy schedules, time consuming jobs and families to balance. Taking three 10 minute breaks is something all of us can achieve. Walking, taking classes at a gym, joining a sports league or even 10 minutes of sit-ups and push-ups in your office are beneficial. Exercise becomes, like water, essential and necessary to the psyche and body once you begin a regimented program.

2. Lift weights- Muscle tissue burns calories. Pumping iron has significant weight loss benefits due to this physical phenomenon. The more muscle you have, the more you can eat and the more calories you will burn. Fat is not active tissue. When you replace the fat with muscle, your body becomes a more efficient machine. A weight loss diet accompanied not only by aerobic exercise but including weight training will cause the body to lose more fat. Muscle increases the body s metabolism, even while resting.

3. Write down what you eat- Recording what you eat, when you eat it, how you were feeling before and after a meal and any other emotions will increase self-awareness. This will enforce that you are conscious of when and why overeating occurs. Writing anything down solidifies it in a way that is more concrete than thinking about it. It will keep you focused on your goals.

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4. Focus on being healthy- Having the motivation to be thin puts too much pressure on outward appearance. The focus should be placed towards a healthy style of living. Think about food that is healthy for your body, not which foods will add on pounds.

Follow the Food Pyramid for a healthy, balanced diet.

5. Get in touch with your mental health- Pychologists and nutritionists agree that overeating is usually a source of self-hatred or feelings associated with lonliness, depression, boredom, stress, anger or any number of other emotions. People tend to cure the feelings with food. Learning how to eat for hunger and enjoyment rather than pushing down emotions with food will lead to healthier habits. Find out your triggers and identify them. See a therapist or psychologist for help.

6. Support- Long-term weight loss doesn t happen overnight and it doesn t happen alone. Find support groups such as Weight Watchers or any other group that is interested in offering encouragement and support for others in the same situation. Your local hospital or dietitian s office can provide resources for you.

7. Portion control- Despite what mama might have said, you do not have to clean your plate in order to be good . In today s super-sized and over-portioned servings at restaurants, diners and fast food locations it is too easy to think the giant plate in front of you is what you are supposed to eat, otherwise, why would they give it to you. These portions are not normal and you can always eat half the plate and take the rest home. It takes 20 minutes for the brain to realize the stomach is full so chances are you are finished eating long before the end of the gigantic portion. Feeling stuffed is unhealthy and you should aim for pleasantly full .

8. Lose weight slowly- Water and muscle are the initial elements lost contributing to weight control. Losing precious muscle mass actually raises metabolism. Weight loss accompanied by a good exercise program is idea. 3500 calories equal one pound of weight. Small changes such as eliminating 250 calories per day from food intake and expending 250 calories a day by burning fat through exercise will lead to one pound of weight lost per week.

9. Eat slowly- Thin people eat slowly in general. Again, it takes 20 minutes for the brain to recognize the feeling of satiation before your body is cognizant of this fact. Take the time you need to fully enjoy and eat your food.

About the Author: Eric Hartwell oversees “The World’s Best Homepage” intended to be a user-generated resource where YOUR opinion counts. Anybody can contribute and all are welcomed. Visit us to read, comment upon or share opinions on



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Dec 4

Interview with Innocent Watat, City Council candidate for Wards 3 & 4 in Brampton, Canada

Interview with Innocent Watat, City Council candidate for Wards 3 & 4 in Brampton, Canada
Posted on Sunday, December 4, 2016 in Uncategorized

Saturday, October 21, 2006

The upcoming 2006 Brampton municipal election, to be held November 13, features an array of candidates looking to represent their wards in city council or the council of the Peel Region.

Wikinews contributor Nick Moreau contacted many of the candidates, including Innocent Watat, asking them to answer common questions sent in an email. This ward’s incumbent is Bob Callahan; Balbir Babra, Manny Bianchi-Morfino, Dolly Khokhar, Maria Peart, Tim Turcott, and Sheila White.


  • 1 Interview
  • 2 French message
  • 3 Notes
  • 4 External links